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Classical Theories and New Perspectives
Cultural memory has been a concept for already 30 years. But what is social memory? The topics of memory, remembering and forgetting are meeting with increasing resonance in sociology. This introduction to the sociology of memory is the first to systematically develop some of the basic theories in this field and to provide an overview of the issues and problems involved.
Vol. I–Vol. VI
Author: Thierry Greub
Bis zum 30.06.2022 gilt der Subskriptionspreis € 998,00 - später: € 1.298.00
Cy Twombly, one of the most important American artists of the second half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, inscribed written notations up to complete poems into his works during almost his entire creative period.
For the first time, a catalog of all inscribed works by Cy Twombly is now available in five opulent volumes, supplemented by an introductory volume. All inscriptions have been transcribed and placed in the context of their sources.
The publication of the notations makes the scriptural clearly recognizable for the first time as an equal element in the structure of the work and an essential medium of signification in Twombly’s pictorial world. The introductory volume, which evaluates the results of the transcription and attribution, analyzes the development and intertextual referentiality of the inscriptions, their discursive and iconic aspects, and the manifold constellations of reference that the written and the painted enter into on the picture surface.
The publication is in English.
Cy Twombly, einer der bedeutendsten US-amerikanischen Künstler der 2. Hälfte des 20. und des Beginns des 21. Jahrhunderts, schrieb seinen Werken während beinahe seiner gesamten Schaffenszeit Schriftnotate bis hin zu vollständigen Gedichten ein. Erstmals liegt nun ein Katalog aller mit Einschreibungen versehenen Werke Cy Twomblys in fünf opulenten Bänden vor, ergänzt durch einen Einleitungsband. Alle Einschreibungen wurden transkribiert und in den Kontext ihrer Quellen gestellt.
Approaches to Eric Voegelin’s Political Philosophy
The first volume of this new yearbook focuses on Eric Voegelin’s 1952 paper “New Science of Politics”, its significance and enduring relevance.
Eric Voegelin’s “New Science of Politics” is today considered a classic of recent political philosophy, albeit a controversial one. As soon as it was published, the book caused a sensation, especially because of its relatively sharp criticism of the normative foundations of Western modernity. In doing so, Voegelin places the question of the ambiguity of the concept of representation and its claim to truth at the center of his reflections. The contributions to this volume aim to shed light on how fruitful and topical this perspective still is today from various perspectives. The contributions come from authors of different disciplines, including political science, philosophy, and sociology. In addition to a classification of the “New Science of Politics” in Voegelin’s oeuvre as a whole, the volume primarily inquires into the systematically interesting points of contact, which are also of interest beyond Voegelin’s reception.

Abstract

This essay charts the development of Voegelin’s self-understanding from the idea of the scholar and philosopher as an isolated thinker to an understanding of the interaction between the theoretician of politics and the society in which he lives. The Socratic-Platonic science of order resists the disorder of its time – in the modern world the movements of self-redemption – and explicates the experiences of the soul open to the world-transcendent ground of being with its correlate, ecumenic humanity.

In: Representation and Truth

Abstract

From the perspective of political science and the history of ideas, this article is dedicated to an examination of the “Fourth Turning” theory of crisis that William Strauss and Neil Howe have outlined on the basis of their generational research. In the process, the mythical roots of the cyclical philosophy of history are explored. In addition, the question is raised to what extent the structures of modern political crisis cycles actually show analogies to the traditional archetypes of myth.

In: Representation and Truth

Abstract

This essay discusses the relevance of Aristoteles’s conception of human action and its metaphysical underpinnings for the new methodology of political science that Eric Voegelin presents in his 1952 book The New Science of Politics. This book questions traditional positivist and post-positivist approaches to the analysis of political reality: Voegelin starts by criticizing the underlying Humean dichotomy between facts and values. Instead, Voegelin proposes an approach based on Aristotle’s anthropology, which in turn is based on his metaphysics (which Voegelin does not explain in detail). In the following, this procedure is analyzed by following a train of thought in Voegelin’s book. In doing so, I want to show that more Aristotle would help Voegelin: I argue that a metaphysics of human action such as that developed by neo-Aristotelian analytical metaphysics can strengthen Voegelin’s approach, since it allows a better understanding of his political science.

In: Representation and Truth

Abstract

This contribution proposes a novel concept of political poverty by referring to some of Hannah Arendt’s fundamental concepts in political theory. It shows that such political poverty is an ethical evil. By differentiating the concept of ‘political agency’ into ‘power-to-act’ and ‘capability-to-act’, it discerns an objective dimension (‘access to the world’) from a subjective one (‘loss of interest and trust’). Following this, it argues for a narrow understanding of political poverty based on material deprivation and a wider one based on values. The proposed concept thus proves to be highly compatible with different strands of discourse from political theory as well as moral philosophy and social ethics. From a normative point of view, the article shows that political poverty, which is based on the fact that Arendt’s core ability to act withers away, takes away something essential from what we can do as human beings. If something is to be judged as an evil from an anthropological point of view, it is this.

In: Representation and Truth
Author: Peter J. Opitz

Abstract

Eric Voegelin’s The New Science of Politics appeared in 1952. It presented a critique of the spiritual crisis of modernity and argued for the renewal of political science on the basis of a return to the principles of Platonic-Aristotelian episteme. Voegelin’s The Political Religions (1938) – with its interpretation of experiences of the ens realissimum – points to the explication of experiences of transcendence and to the insight that truth is both cognitive and existential. These issues are at the center of the New Science. Other works from the 1940s to the 1970s explored various aspects of Voegelin’s theory. Among these: the symbolization of the eternal as it unfolds in time and the fact that a political theory developed to its logical conclusion leads to a philosophy of history. Both Voegelin’s hope to renew political science and to overcome the spiritual crisis of the West remain unfulfilled. Eric Voegelin would not have been surprised by this outcome.

In: Representation and Truth

Abstract

This article discusses the Italian philosopher Augusto del Noce’s reading of the work of Eric Voegelin, with particular emphasis on his reading of The New Science of Politics. While it seems evident that Del Noce’s mature philosophy of history was inspired by his reading of Eric Voegelin, in this article I further propose that Del Noce’s work complements that of Voegelin in an important way. For Del Noce, what had taken the place of “strong ideology” – and he sees this already in the 1960s – is what he called the “opulent society”, animated by a radical cultural relativism fertilizing a new kind of totalitarianism very different in kind from earlier totalitarianisms. I argue that a joint reading of Voegelin and Del Noce serves to underline the contemporary relevance of both thinkers.

In: Representation and Truth

Abstract

In this presentation I will defend the idea that Plato is the main model that allows us to understand Voegelin’s The New Science of Politics (1952). As Voegelin says to Engel-Janosi, this book is “a systematic study of the foundation of a political science in the Platonic sense (that implies a philosophy of history)”. Throughout the presentation I will examine the presence of Plato in the New Science through four aspects, trying to relate each specific aspect with its relevance in the constitution of the book. Firstly, the relevance of understanding political science in the context of the Hellenic crisis; secondly, Voegelin understanding of the movement from doxa to episteme (as it is found in Plato) as a model for “critical clarification”; thirdly, the importance of myth and religious experiences to generate relevant political principles, specially concerning the anthropological truth. Finally, we will deal with Voegelin’s conception of a civil theology as Plato has envisaged.

In: Representation and Truth