In the 1960’s, when the assumption that the artist could or should also be a researcher gained momentum in a variety of ‘conceptual’ artistic practices, the Vienna Group of young poets was concerned with similar explorations at the intersection of language arts, visual arts and performative arts. The main aim of their ‘artistic research’ avant la lettre was the development of innovative forms of literature. The article distinguishes a number of such new forms and analyses more closely a 1962 piece by Konrad Bayer, in which the striving for a ‘research’-based renewal of the language arts turns out to be closely related to an eminently political task: exposing and overcoming the lasting imprint of National Socialism in language and culture.
What is practice-based literary research? While literature as a discipline is currently not represented in the artistic research discourse, individual writers and scholars have ties to a variety of institutional constellations in which overlaps between literature, art, and research become manifest. 16 of them expand on their methodological approaches as well as their practice, and they analyse exemplary case studies.