The article discusses the emergence of artistic research within the discipline Literary Composition at the University of Gothenburg. The text assumes a critical vantage point in its reflections upon the specific circumstances generated by the artistic text and its metacritical dimensions. These dimensions, inherent to the literary composition, are illustrated by two concrete poetic examples which are contextualised by two historical sections. The first engages in a more general discussion, while the second is comprised of a reading of the three dissertations currently available within Literary Composition at the University of Gothenburg. On the whole, the article localises a research method and praxis which increasingly takes place through rather than about literary composition.