In October of 1749, the Journal de Trévoux reviewed both the final volume of Pierre-Antoine de la Place’s Le Théâtre Anglois (1745/6-49) and the first volume of the Abbé Antoine Yart’s Idée de la poësie Angloise (1749-53). La Place provided the first French translations of Shakespeare. Yart provided translations and the first moderately full French overview of English poetry. Each sympathetic translator was thirty-eight years old. Each represented a young generation of mid-century French men of letters. Each well-reviewed set of volumes was an epochal event in Anglo-French literary relations. Each has been largely ignored. I hope to rectify that oversight regarding the Abbé Yart, his colleagues, and his contexts. I will discuss the French view of Jonathan Swift that Yart inherited, how and why he at the least softened his translations of Swift’s poems, and how he hoped thereby to change Swift’s reputation in eighteenth-century France. I then will suggest the degree to which those adoucissements and post-Orrery publication influenced further appreciation and transmission of Swift’s poetry and reputation, most particularly in Albin-Joseph-Ulpien Hennet’s La Poétique Anglaise (1806).
Der Band enthält die sechsundzwanzig besten Vorträge des Vierten Münsteraner Symposiums zu Jonathan Swift vom Juni 2000. Thematisch ist der Band in sieben Sektionen gegliedert: I. Theoretical Concerns W. B. Carnochan, Stanford University Swift: The Canon, the Curriculum, and the Marketplace of Scholarship Clive T. Probyn, Monash University, Victoria “Convict of lyes is every sign”: Jonathan Swift and the Everyday II. Biographical Problems Bruce Arnold, Dublin Jonathan Swift: Some Current Biographical Problems Nora F. Crow, Smith Colleg, Northampton, Massachusetts Swift in Love J. A. Downie, Goldsmiths’ College, University of London “The Coffee Hessy spilt” and Other Issues in Swift’s Biography João Fróes, São Paulo, Brazil Swift’s Life in Late 1743: An Unpublished Letter from Deane Swift III. Political, Philosophical, and Literary Issues Ian Higgins, The Australian National University, Canberra Jonathan Swift and the Jacobite Diaspora Arno Löffler, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg „Of Mean ans Great Figures“: Swift an dGreatness Michael De Porte, University of New Hapshire, Durham Riddles, Mysteries, and Lies: Swift and Secrecy Brean S. Hammond, Univeristy of Notthingham Swift’s Reading Heinz J. Vienken, Gernsbach „Nobody has ever written a really good book about Jonathan Swift“: Scouring the Recesses of Swiftian Mind