Graffiti has its roots in urban youth and protest cultures. However, in the past decades it has become an established visual art form.
The volume investigates how graffiti oscillates between genuine subversiveness and a more recent commercialisation and appropriation by the (art) market. At the same time it looks at how graffiti and street art are increasingly used as an instrument to collectively re-appropriate the urban space and thus articulate different forms of belonging, ethnicity and citizenship. The focus lies on the role of graffiti in metropolitan contexts in the Spanish-speaking world and includes a glimpse at historical inscriptions in ancient Rome and Mesoamerica, as well as at the graffiti movement in Egypt.
Museums transmit and disseminate, yet also produce knowledge. Collections and exhibitions reflect scientific theory and scholarly practice, and in turn shape them. This volume brings together case studies from various historical and cultural contexts that illuminate such dynamics.
On the one hand, museums visualize and stabilize orders of knowledge through assembling, classifying and exhibiting objects; on the other hand, new academic paradigms and political changes and upheavals lead to a rearrangement of facts and artifacts in museum storerooms and displays. The volume focuses on transcultural collections and exhibitions such as curiosity cabinets, ethnographic and archeological collections, but also explores transformative moments in the history of art museums as well as science as technology museums.