The narrative of ancient Egyptian religion holds its position in the intersection of two quite different academic fields: between a specialised regional science of (ancient) Egypt and an all-encompassing study of religions. Whereas the methodological background of Egyptology is provided by archaeology in a wider sense, the study of religion is deeply rooted in the western tradition of conceptualisation of religion both from an emic (theological) and an etic (anthropological) perspective. The following article tries to formulate a predominantly archaeological methodology to describe ancient Egyptian religion. Therefore, any source on ancient Egyptian religion will be evaluated as ‘evidence’. In order to avoid theologically shaped bias, written and pictorial sources should be rated by the same principles as other sources and all of them as results of religious practice. Three aspects of this evidence-centred approach and its potential are discussed: the ‘concreteness’ of any evidence and of the conditions of its formation; the ‘multivalency’ of individual evidence, and the ‘complexity’ of religious signs in the wider context of social practice. The aim of this methodology is to qualify the master narrative of ancient Egyptian religion as a system of beliefs and to supplement it with archaeological and anthropological data.