In: Gesicht und Identität / Face and Identity
Philosophy and the Perspectives of Art History
This volume explores Hegel’s 1820s »Vorlesungen über die Ästhetik«. The objective is two-fold: first, to ask how Hegel’s work might illuminate specific periods and artworks in light of contemporary art historical discussions; and second, to explore how art history might help us to make better sense (and use) of Hegelian aesthetics.
Given the recent resurgence of interest in ›global‹ art history, and calls for more comparative approaches to »visual culture«, the volume asks what role Hegel has played or could play within the field. What can a historical treatment of art accomplish? How should we explain the »need« for certain artistic forms at different historical junctures? Has art history been »Hegelian« without fully acknowledging the fact? Indeed, in what ways have art historians shirked the fundamental questions that Hegel raised?
Figuring Cultural Transformations in the Age of Constantine
This volume explores one of the most complex, multifaceted and momentous of all western cultural transformations: the refashioning of the Roman principate under Constantine in the early fourth century AD. It does so through the kaleidoscopic lens of one of antiquity’s most fascinating (and maligned) artists: Publilius Optatianus Porfyrius.
Optatian’s works are little known among classicists and historians. Nevertheless, his picture-poems uniquely reflect, figure, and shape the cultural dynamics of the period. By bringing together different disciplinary perspectives the volume demonstrates how the poems give unique form to the various political, intellectual and cultural currents of the age. Contributors champion Optatian as a uniquely creative artist – and one who anticipated some of our most pressing literary critical, art historical and philosophical concerns today.
Ein »Gesicht haben« gilt als Voraussetzung dafür, angeschaut zu werden. In der Bildergesellschaft begegnen wir Gesichtern überall: in der Politik, der Wirtschaft, der Werbung und in Kunst und Natur. Zugleich sind das Gesicht und sein Bild so alt wie die menschlichen Kulturen: Schauplatz humaner Identität. Wie kann man erklären, dass das Gesicht des Menschen uns bewegt? Der Band versammelt Beiträge aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen, in denen das Gesicht einen wesentlichen Ort hat und nimmt die mehrsprachigen Diskussionen zum Thema auf, die im Rahmen des Nationalen Forschungsschwerpunktes Bildkritik (eikones) an der Universität Basel in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Istituto Svizzero in Rom sowie der Hochschule für Gestaltung und Kunst (FHNW) entstanden sind. To “have a face” is considered a prerequisite for being looked at. We encounter faces everywhere in our culture of images: in politics, economy, and advertisement as well as in the arts and nature. Moreover, the face and its image date back to the dawn of human societies and the arena of human identity. How can we explain the fact that the human face moves us? The essays gathered in this volume offer perspectives from different disciplines where the face holds a key position. They continue the multilingual discussions on this subject matter as they were developed in a collaboration between the NCCR Iconic Criticism (eikones) at the University of Basel, the Istituto Svizzero in Rome, and the University of Applied Sciences and Arts (FHNW) in Basel.