This contribution argues against the widespread assumption that early modern Latin school drama is primarily confessional and propagates either Catholic or Protestant values. Rather, its raison d’être is seen in general pedagogical purposes and the teaching of transconfessional moral and Christian values. Latin school theatre could express confessional concerns, but when it did so at all, this usually happened less explicitly and polemically than in other media. Especially the most successful dramas were free of polemical tendencies and often enjoyed great popularity across denominational boundaries. Moreover, with the end of the period of so-called ‘confessionalization’, during the seventeenth century, Protestant and Catholic school theatre turned more strongly to non-religious themes and the denominational struggle lost much of its relevance as a potential frame of reference.